In this hard, rugged and dry environment live millions
of people. The existing physical conditions have made these people
hostile natural forces, such as hot burning deserts, Incessible
Mountains, scanty rainfall, extremely hot summers and bitterly cold
winters. The impact of sharp geographical realities have moulded
their national characteristics which are reflected in their social
customs, dress, eating habits etc.
The people of Pakistan are fair skinned, fairly
tall and well built. The rough terrain makes them excellent soldiers.
During the British rule, the bulk of the Indian armed forces were
drawn from this region. The courage and velour of these soldiers
in both the world wars is well recognized. Characteristics of these
people can be studied under the following headings.
They are the toughest of all the people of Pakistan,
belongs from N.W.R.P and the tribal areas in the extreme north.
For centuries they have been engaged in one war after another. They
have fought tenaciously for their independence and warded off any
form of subjugation. The British in their full imperial glory were
unable to subdue them. The Pathan usually proves to be good soldier
and is very hospitable in the peaceful surroundings of his home.
He is also a man of extremes. Once he befriends a man, he is loyal
and faithful to him for the rest of his life. He will wait patiently
for years to wreak his vengeance. That is why blood feuds in the
tribal areas persist for generations. But today the march of education
and industrialization is rapidly changing the pattern of their lives.
Many of the Pathans are now able engineers, doctors, technicians
and administrators. They have adjusted to the changing needs of
A Punjabi is very similar to a Pathan. He too is
strong, upright, and straight forward and makes an excellent soldier
or a hardworking peasant. Prior to partition the province of Punjab
was known as the "Sword Arm."
A Sindhi is unlike the Pathan and the Punjabi.
He is not a warrior type but is more inclined towards trade and
business. Educationally he is comparatively backward. It is so because
during the British rule the Hindus were the principal landowners
and businessmen and they usually kept the Muslims down. But now
the sindhi is rapidly making up for the lost time.
The Baluchi lives in the vast expenses of desert
lands and leads a nomadic life. He is a product of his Physical
facilities much of his arid land has become cultivable. His pattern
of life has started changing. Though the people of different provinces
and regions of Pakistan have their own way of life and possess peculiar
characteristics, there are no separatist tendencies amongst them.
They are all conscious of their own common Pakistan nationality.
A consciousness which springs from their own common geographical,
historical, political and religious background unites them into
a single Social whole.
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