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Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by protists (a type of microorganism) of the genus Plasmodium. P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, P. vivax and P. knowlesi are causedof Humans malaria. Malaria can be diagnosed by using antigen-based rapid diagnostic test and the microscopic examination of blood using blood films. Uses of nets help keep away mosquitoes from people. People should be inform to cover over areas of stagnant, tanks water, still water and clean near door and windows. These actions are preventing people from mosquitoes. More detail read in following Malaria in Hindi and Urdu.

Malaria Day in Urdu

Malaria day ka taiyun aur is ki manzoori March 2007 mein 7th Aalmi Assembly (WHA) nay di thi. Is say qabal 2001 say 25 April ko har sal “Africa Malaria Day” manaya jata tha jis ki jagah aalmi Yom e Malaria nay lay li. Yeh din mananay ka maqsad Malaria kay hawalay say logon mein yeh shayoor barhana hai keh Malaria say bachao bhi mumkin hai aur ilaaj bhi, aur yeh keh dunya bhar kay tabqaat ko is kay khelaf jadojehad kay liye mutahriq kia jaye.

Mararia:

Malaria aik fever jo aik khas qisam kay mosquito (machar) kay katnay say hota hai. Dunya bhar mein har saal andazan 20 lack afrad Malaria say halak ho jatay hain. Malaria ka jasoomah Pasmodiam Vivex (female Anophele) mein paya jata hai jo yeh kisi insane ko katnay kay doran is kay khoon mein muntaqil kar deti hai jahan yeh jarsoomah 14 din mein afzaish pa keh khoon kay surkh khalyon ko tabah kar deta hai aur insane ko sakht bukhar, sardi kay sath bukhar, munh ka karwa pan aur jismani kamzori lahaq ho jati hai. Is ka ilaaj mumkin hai magar kabhi kabhar yeh bigar jaye to jan lewa sabit hota hai.

Kinds:

Anopheles mosquitoes kay katnay kay baad waqt ka aik doranyah (incubation period) hota hai jo ibtadai alamaat kay namoodar honay say qabal par mushtamil hoata hai. Yeh incubation period aksar cancer mein mukhtalif (7 ta 30 din) hota hai. Sab say kam pareiod P.Falciparum ka aur sab say ziadah period malaria ka hota hai.

Classical (lekin buhat kam honay wala Malaria) 6 ta 10 ghanton mein hamlah aawar hota hai. Is ki alaamat mandarjah zel hoti hain.

Gold stage (jis mein sardi ka ahsaas hota hai aur larzah aata hai).
Hart stage (fever, headache, vomiting, chotay bachon mein doray).
Aakhr mein pasinay ka stage (pasinay, normal temperature ki tarf wapsi, thakawat)
Classical (magar buhat ziadah honay wala) malaria jo har doosray din “Tertian” parasites (P.vivax, P.felciparum aur Povale ) kay sath aur har teesray din “ Quartan” perasites ( P. Marlaria) kay sath hamlah awar hota hai. Amooman marizon mein mandarjah zel alamati namoodar hoti hai.

Symptom:

1. Fever, sardard, pasinah matli aur qai, jism mein dard amoomi khichawat.

2. P. falciparum malaria mein izafi alamaat bhi ho sakti hain.

3. Barha hua temperature kamzori, tlli ka barh jana.

4. Malaria ki tashakhus ka inhasar khoon kay aik dabbay mein parasites ki mojoodgi par hota hai jisay microscope kay zariye dekha jata hai. P. falciparum malaria mein libratory nataij mein mamooli anemia (khoon ki kami) khoon mein Palatelets ki mamooli kam, Bilrubin ki ziadti, Amino transferees aur Albo minuria ka barh jana aur urine mein abnormal bodies ki mojoodgi bhi shamil hain.

5. Shadeed malaria is waqt hota hai jab Falciparum infection, mareez kay khoon ya metabolism mein ba aitdali ya kisi azoo ki nakami ki wajh say pechidgi ikhtiyar kar jayain. Is ki wazah alamaat mandarjah zel hoti hain

I) Dimaghi malaria ya abnormal rawaiye kay sath ghashi ki kaifyat doray coma ya degar neurologic bay qaidgiyan.

II) Pulmonary Edema (lungs mein pani ka bhar jana) sans ki shaded tangi

III) Khon kay jamnay (co agulation ) kay nizam mein bay aitdali aur Thromabocytopenia (khoon kay sufaid zarrat Platelets ki kami)

IV) Hemolysis ki wajh say shaded anima ( khoon kay surkh zarrat ki tabahi)

V) Hemoglobinuria.


Other Symptoms:

Gurdon ka fail ho jana.

Hamal kay doran malaria (P.Falciparum) maan kay andar shaded marz ka sabab ban sakta hai jis ki wjah say bachay ki paidaish qabal az waqt ho sakti hai ya phir bachay ka wazan normal say kam ho sakta hai.

P. Falciparum kay sath bar bar honay walay infection ka natijah shadeed anima ki surat mein nikal sakta hai.

Sarberal malaria kay baad kabhi kabhi neurological kharabiyan mojood rah sakti hain khasoosan bachon mein. In kharabiyon mein harkat mein masail (Alaxia) falij, guftagoo mein mushkilat, behrapan aur andah pan shamil hain.

Baaz awqaat P.vivax malaria ki wajah say tilli (Spleen) phat sakti hai ya shaded (ARDS) Respiratory Distress Syndrome ho sakta hai.

Hyperparasitemia jis mein 5% khoon kay surkh zarrat malaria parasites say mutasir ho.

Shaded malaria in logon ko lahaq hota hai jin kay andar malaria kay khelaf quwat mudafyat nahi hoti ya jin ki quwat mudafyat kam ho chuki ho. Yeh woh log hain jo in areas mein rehtay hain jahan malaria transmition ya to hai nahi ya hai to buhat kam aur chotay bachay aur hamlah auraton(pregnant women) jo high transmition areas mein rehti hain.

Treatment:


1. Mosquitoes ki afzaish chunkeh thehray huye pani par hoti hai chunan chah jahan pani khara ho wahan jaraseem kash adoyaat(medicine) maslan DDT ya mitti ka tail is pani mein dal dein.
2. Ghar kay darwazay aur khirkion mein bareek jail (net) lagayain.
3. Jism kay khulay hison par machar (mosquito) bhagao lotion istemaal karein

Warning: This site provides general information about your health. for more information and treatments please contact your doctor.

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